Walked on a bamboo floor? Yes. Eaten from a bamboo bowl? Tick! Sliced on a bamboo cutting board? Yes! Slept on a bamboo mattress? Hmm, what??? A bamboo memory foam mattress is an eco-friendly alternative to your normal mattress. But it raises questions about comfort, safety, and durability. What are the best bamboo mattresses? My Top 2 choices will be revealed at the end of my bamboo mattress review.
How Common Is Bamboo?
Bamboo is a natural alternative to fully synthetic fabrics (like polyester), polyurethane foams and vinyl.
When it comes to bamboo in the bedroom, the sky is the limit. There are bamboo sheets, pillow cases, mattress covers, mattress pads, bamboo pillows. Need a chair in your bedroom? Need natural flooring in your bedroom? You can outfit your bedroom entirely with bamboo products!!
Why Are People Favoring Bamboo In Their Bed?
Your body is in contact with a mattress every night. It’s close to your skin and your nose.
Inside normal mattresses, you can find a number of nasty chemicals:
- Fire retardants that are linked to brain damage, cancer, and reproductive problems;
- Chemical dyes, adhesives, and antimicrobial solutions that cause eye, nose, and throat irritation and lung, heart, liver, and kidney problems.
Do you really want to breath fire retardants, chemical dyes, adhesives and antimicrobial solutions?
If you want something better for your health than a normal mattress can offer, consider including bamboo in your mattress.
The main attraction of a bamboo mattress is that it is naturally sourced.
Let’s dive deeply into the world of bamboo for your bed and find out all about it. If you don’t have time to read this investigation into bamboo mattresses, click the item in the table below that is of most interest to you.
What Are the Benefits of the Bamboo Plant to the Planet?
- Bamboo is a highly sustainable grass. It reaches maturity quickly and is ready to harvest in about four years. It is one of the fastest-growing plants on the planet. Because its vast root network constantly sprouts new shoots, replanting is unnecessary. So it’s a very sustainable natural resource.
- Bamboo is resilient. It grows well in even poor soils. Again this makes it a very sustainable material to harvest.
- It’s naturally anti-fungal, anti-bacterial, and anti-microbial properties mean that pesticides and fertilizers are not required.
- It’s low maintenance. Since its roots retain moisture exceptionally well, it has lower water needs than most other crops.
- The bamboo plant produces 35 percent more oxygen than trees.
- The bamboo plant also takes in five times more carbon dioxide as well, helping to remove greenhouse gasses from the atmosphere.
You can view this educational video to find out 10 facts about “the wise man’s timber”.
What Is a Bamboo Mattress?
A bamboo mattress does not mean that 100% of the mattress is made from bamboo. You will find that bamboo makes up a very small proportion of the mattress.
But, depending on the mattress, adding in a bamboo component can make that mattress better for your health than a conventional mattress.
The main benefit is that by including some bamboo in your new mattress, it makes it less synthetic. If your mattress is less synthetic, it means the proportion of toxic chemicals that you breathe in at night or sleep on, are less. But, one thing to note is that not all bamboo is created equal. I will show you why some kinds of bamboo are better and considered more “natural” to include inside your mattress than others.
Where To Find Bamboo In a Mattress
You will always find bamboo at the top of the mattress. This is the end closest to your face and body. Why? This is the area you need bamboo’s anti-bacterial, anti-microbial and anti-fungal properties the most.
1. Top layer of memory foam infused with bamboo charcoal powder
Sometimes the manufacturers describe this bamboo infused memory foam as “quilted into the mattress cover”.
The result is a much thicker mattress cover compared to a normal mattress.
Underneath the bamboo-infused top layer is a thicker layer of high-density memory foam.
How does the bamboo get infused into the memory foam?
Fibers from the moso bamboo plant are heated to an extremely high heat to create powdered charcoal. This powder is then mixed with the foam ingredients while it is still a liquid. Producing the fine bamboo powder adds another cost to the manufacturer that a normal mattress doesn’t have. So you will find bamboo powder is very expensive to produce. This can dramatically increase the cost of a bamboo mattress.
Bamboo charcoal powder
Image source: You Tube
An example of a mattress with a top layer that is infused with bamboo charcoal is the Lucid 14 inch plush Memory Foam Mattress and the 16 inch. The bamboo charcoal functions to reduce heat retention which again is useful to have at the top of the mattress, especially if you sleep hot.
Bamboo-infused memory foam as a top layer in the Lucid Plush 14 inch mattress
Imaged used with the kind permission of Lucid Mattress
What is memory foam?
Memory foam was developed by NASA in the 1960s for use in airplane seats. Made from a material called viscoelastic, memory foam is incredibly soft and absorbs a lot of energy. When you lie on memory foam, the heat of your body softens it. The foam molds and shapes to your body to evenly distribute your weight and relieve pressure points. These pressure points can often lead to aches and pains in waking life. And because memory foam absorbs your energy and movement, tossing and turning on it won’t disturb your partner. That’s the plus side to memory foam.
On the negative side, memory foam is manufactured from petrochemicals. It’s 100% synthetic.
2. Bamboo in the mattress cover
Some bamboo mattresses are so-called because they are covered in bamboo fabric.
Bamboo mattresses cover vary from 100% bamboo to a blend with cotton or polyester. In the image of the Lucid 14 inch Plush Memory Foam mattress above, you will notice with mattress is covered in a Tencel cover. This is 60% polyester and 40% rayon, which is derived from natural bamboo fibers. The main benefit of combining a cover with top mattress layer with bamboo is that it creates a hypoallergenic barrier. Additionally, this combination manages your body temperature, moisture and development of odors over time. You can also wash this cover.
How does the bamboo get made into a fabric?
The bamboo must first be converted into a fiber. This can either be done using a chemical or mechanical process.
The chemical process
Using a chemical process has a heavier impact on the environment. Therefore, whilst raw bamboo itself is extremely eco-friendly, the fabric produced from its fibers may not be.
A common fabric you will find is viscose rayon made from bamboo.
Have you bought sheets or clothes made from lyocell? Lyocell is an alternative to bamboo rayon.
The mechanical process
This is the most “green” approach to creating the bamboo cover for a mattress. Machines and natural enzymes break down the bamboo plant into a yarn. This is similar to the way clothes are made from the flax or hemp plant.
What Manufacturers Won’t Tell You About Those Manufacturing Processes
Chemical Processing: Bamboo Rayon
The most widely-used chemical process used to produce bamboo fabric involves the same extremely harsh chemicals used to produce rayon. The end product is therefore known as “bamboo rayon.” Bamboo rayon is the most common bamboo fabric you can find, especially in bamboo sheets.
Bamboo is “cooked” and dissolved in chemical solvents like carbon disulfide and sodium hydroxide.
Sodium hydroxide is more commonly known as caustic soda, a key ingredient in Drano!
Both of these chemicals have been linked to serious health problems. These include nerve damage and neural disorders
Just an FYI, caustic soda is approved by the Global Organic Textile Standards (GOTS) and the UK Soil Association. This is because the finished fabric doesn’t contain any chemical residue.
Bamboo is also heavily bleached in several phases of manufacturing.
In summary, bamboo rayon uses harsh chemicals and heavy metals. The result is damage to the environment and potential health risks to humans. In my view, bamboo rayon is not environmentally friendly or sustainable. The National Resources Defence Council (NRDC), a New York-based not-for-profit environmental group comprising of lawyers and scientists, agrees.
Melanie Blanding from the NRDC protesting outside the White House
Image Source: Flickr
According to a study from Utah State University, processing rayon from bamboo results in emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs, acid gasses, and particulate matter. Many of the facilities where manufacturing takes place are identified as hazardous waste generators by the EPA, contributing to air and water pollution.
Chemical Processing: Bamboo Lyocell
A newer process used to chemically manufacture bamboo fiber is the same that’s used to produce lyocell from wood cellulose. The resulting fabric is known as “bamboo lyocell.” While this process is more expensive, it’s better for the environment and less toxic to humans.
Organiclothing.blogs.com described lyocell as somewhere between a natural and synthetic fiber like nylon and polyester (made from petrochemicals).
During this process, the bamboo is dissolved using N-methyl morpholine N-oxide, which is a weak alkaline. This is considered non-toxic to humans. This is a closed-loop chemical process, which means that almost 100 percent of the chemicals used in manufacturing are captured and used again. Only trace amounts find their way into the atmosphere or water sources.
Mechanical Processing: Bamboo Linen
During the mechanical manufacturing process, the woody parts of the bamboo plant are crushed and mashed. The remaining fibers become bamboo yarn or linen.
The mechanical process for creating bamboo fabric is more costly and labor-intensive than the chemical processes used. So bamboo linen is more expensive and more difficult to find than chemically processed varieties.
What’s the greenest alternative?
From my research, I would also recommend that if you have any chemical sensitivities or allergies, be wary of lyocell. Although bamboo lyocell has less toxic chemicals than bamboo rayon, it still contains chemicals. Lyocell is not an organic material.
Not having to iron a mattress cover or sheets is tempting. But remember, a chemical is added to the fabric for them to be wrinkle free.
Can You Believe The Terms Used To Describe a Bamboo Mattress?
Bamboo mattresses are advertised as
But these descriptions are not always deserved. Bamboo is natural and organic. However, this does not mean that the products derived from bamboo are also natural and organic.
So when a mattress shop sales rep says to you “Bamboo…it’s totally natural,” stop them right there! Ask them:
- What type of bamboo fabric is used in that mattress?
- What other materials are used to make that mattress e.g. chemical fire retardants and toxic adhesives?
Remember the mattress won’t be made of 100% bamboo!
According to the NRDC:
“The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) has recently cracked down on bamboo labeling, forcing companies to list “rayon made from bamboo” when items are not natural bamboo. The FTC has also starting going after false green claims, noting that rayon made from bamboo has not been shown to retain any natural antimicrobial properties of the bamboo plant.”
Image Source: Wikipedia
Unfortunately, it can be difficult to find out what type of bamboo fabric is used in a mattress.
It’s also a challenge to determine whether the manufacturing process used is truly eco-friendly.
Looking out for a few certifications when buying a bamboo mattress can help you make an informed choice.
Useful Certifications for the Savvy Shopper to Know When Buying a Bamboo Mattress
- Forest Stewardship Council Chain of Custody certification indicates that from the forest to the fibers, the stages of production meet the criteria needed to ensure responsible stewardship of the earth’s forests.
- Oeko-Tex Standard 100 certification ensures that a product contains no substances banned by law or which are known to be harmful to your health, including formaldehyde, pesticides, and other dangerous chemicals. Oeko-Tex Standard 100 certification covers the raw material, all stages of production, and the end product.
- Organic Crop Improvement Association certification indicates that a bamboo forest is organic.
Can You Believe the Claims Made About a Bamboo Mattress?
Proponents and retailers typically offer a list of selling points for bamboo mattresses. But do these claims hold water? Let’s take a look.
While some studies show that bamboo fabric retains some of the anti-bacterial properties of the bamboo plant, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) says there is no evidence to support this claim.
However, critics suggest that FTC has been influenced by the cotton lobby in debunking these claims.
A study published in the Journal of Family Ecology and Consumer Sciences supports bamboo rayon having anti-bacterial properties after the raw bamboo has been processed into a fiber. In the study, researchers added Staphylococcus epidermis bacteria to samples of three different fabrics. Twenty-four hours later, researchers counted the colonies on each sample. The bamboo rayon sample was found to have 30 colonies. This compared to 53 on the viscose rayon sample and 127 on the cotton sample. Go the bamboo rayon sample!
According to the NRDC, the antimicrobial properties of the bamboo plant do not transfer to bamboo rayon. The NRDC suggests opting for bamboo lyocell or bamboo linen instead.
The jury is still out on this claim in my opinion.
If sleeping on an anti-microbial surface is very important to you and you like the sound of a bamboo memory foam mattress or a mattress covered with bamboo fabric, I would recommend buying a bed protector to help.
Memory foam infused with bamboo is more breathable than plain memory foam. A bamboo memory foam mattress dissipates up to 80 percent more heat to offer a cooler night’s sleep.
A bamboo memory foam mattress also wicks away moisture, purifies the air that flows through the mattress, and helps to decrease off-gassing from the bamboo mattress.
And because bamboo charcoal is a powerful deodorizer, it helps to keep odors at bay.
The bamboo plant itself is hypoallergenic by nature. However, rayon made from bamboo doesn’t retain many of the properties of the bamboo plant due to intense chemical processing.
It’s a different story if that mattress cover is made from bamboo fibers using the mechanical process. Bamboo linen has essentially the same chemical makeup as the raw material, according to the EPA. Therefore it retains certain properties of the plant, including being hypoallergenic.
Unless you are particularly sensitive to the chemicals used in the manufacturing process, bamboo fabric is hypoallergenic. So if you purchase a mattress with a bamboo fabric cover, be confident that it won’t irritate your skin or exacerbate respiratory allergies.
The insulating properties of the bamboo charcoal in a memory foam mattress and a mattress cover made of bamboo fabric will help you stay cooler in the summer and warmer in the winter.
Bamboo has excellent moisture-wicking properties that enable it to hold three times its weight in water. These properties are retained to some extent in bamboo charcoal-infused memory foam mattress and in bamboo fabric mattress covers, helping to draw moisture away from your skin.
Bamboo is exceptionally soft, similar to cashmere. This is due to the shape of the bamboo fiber, which is naturally long, round, and smooth. It retains its softness regardless of how many times you wash it. If you want to purchase bamboo sheets, be confident that they are soft rather than scratchy.
Who Would Benefit From Sleeping on a Bamboo Mattress?
OK, so we’ve reviewed all the main claims made for the bamboo mattress. You would benefit from sleeping on a bamboo memory foam mattress if:
- You live in a hot climate and prefer a memory foam mattress that keeps you cool;
- If you are a “hot sleeper” and find the conventional memory foam mattresses too hot to sleep on;
- You suffer from allergies and are looking for a hypoallergenic mattress.
Where to Find a Bamboo Mattress
The bamboo-infused memory foam mattress or the bamboo fabric-covered mattress are harder to find in retail stores. Here are some online buying alternatives.
|MATTRESS||COUNTRY||TOP MATTRESS LAYER |
| WASHABLE |
|MORE INFORMATION ||AMAZON CUSTOMER |
(out of 5)
|Lucid 14 Plush certified memory foam mattress||US||Yes||Yes||Click here||4.1/$501-$1000|
|Lucid 16 inch Plush certified memory foam mattress||US||Yes||Yes||Click here||4.2/$501-$1000|
|Brentwood Home Cypress certified memory foam mattress - 9 inch to 13 inch thickness||US||No||Yes||Click here||4.2/Varies|
|Ultimate Dreams Latex Queen Medium Firm mattress||US||No||Yes||Click here||4.1/$501-$1000|
|Ultimate Dreams Eurotop Latex mattress||US||Yes||Yes||https://betterbedsolutions.com/ultimate-dreams-eurotop-latex-mattress/||4.5/$501-$1000|
|Signature Sleep 13 inch Coil with certified memory foam mattress||US||No||Yes - not sure if washable||Click here||4.5/Under $500|
My Top 2 picks
After an extensive bamboo mattress review of all the mattresses shown in the table above, I have arrived at my top 3 picks.
1. The Ultimate Dreams Latex Mattress
This is my top pick because I believe the cover as as close to natural as you can get. It’s made from 100% biodegradable bamboo fibers. It has a quilted finish which means it’s very soft and padded.
If you live in a humid climate like Florida or you tend to sleep hot, you will love this cover. It can absorb moisture 4 times more than cotton which leaves you drier and cooler for a more comfortable sleep.
2. Lucid 14 and 16 Inch Plush mattress
The Lucid Plush Memory Foam Mattress comes in a variety of thicknesses. Only the 14 and 16 inch comes with a 1-inch layer of bamboo charcoal memory foam sewn into the soft breathable Tencel blend outer cover.
The cover is a Tencel blend. Tencel is extracted from the from the natural cellulose in wood pulp.
Made in China, the 14 inch mattress has received over 400 reviews on Amazon.com from verified customers.
through this image link at no additional cost to you.
The more popular 16 inch mattress has over 350 purchase-verified customer reviews. It provides ultra-plush comfort with a 10-inch support layer of high density foam.
The foam inside both these Lucid mattresses are certified in the US against CertiPUR standards and come with a 25 year warranty.
What about the other mattresses?
My preference is to have bamboo in a mattress that is not derived from rayon. So that discounts the Brentwood Home Cypress and the Signature Sleep. As I mentioned in this article, bamboo rayon contains heavy metals and harsh chemicals.
I have also removed the Ultimate Dreams EuroTop Latex Mattress from my Top 3 picks list. The Bamboo Zipper Cover cannot be removed to be washed or dry cleaned.
The Bottom Line for Bamboo
Bamboo mattresses can help ensure a healthy, good night’s sleep, thanks to moisture-wicking and excellent airflow properties.
While the bamboo rayon covers are not eco-friendly to manufacture, they are an ultrasoft and super-cool option for a comfortable night’s sleep. You can check out my review of the Brentwood Cypress mattress if this type of cover interests you.
In between a natural and synthetic fiber lies the mattress covers made from bamboo lyocell.
Even better (and greener) are bamboo linen covers. These are the most difficult to find. Bamboo charcoal-infused memory foam mattresses off-gas less than conventional memory foam mattresses, they help you sleep cool
Bamboo charcoal-infused memory foam mattresses off-gas less than conventional memory foam mattresses. They help you sleep cool and wick away moisture from your body. You can read my Lucid Plush 14 bamboo memory foam mattress review for more information.
Bamboo mattresses are usually a little more expensive than conventional mattresses. They are an excellent choice if you’re looking for a mattress that is
- Hypoallergenic. Bamboo fabric is hypoallergenic;
- Breathable and cool, compared to your usual memory foam mattress;
- Made with in an environmentally-friendly and sustainable way.
I hope you have enjoyed reading one of the most extensive bamboo mattress reviews around.
If you have any questions, pop them in the comments below.